lib dem labour party general election sheffield hallam casualty nick clegg
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The first political casualty of the night was former Lib Dem leader and ex-deputy prime minister Nick Clegg, who lost his Sheffield Hallam seat to the Labour Party.
He had held the seat since 2005 - surviving the the bruising 2015 outcome in which his party lost 49 of its 57 seats.
He managed a majority of 2,353 then, but the seat has now been taken by Jared O'Mara, with a majority of 2,125.
His popularity surged in 2010, when one of the campaign's memorable moments was the refrain "I agree with Nick" from other leaders in the ITV election debate.
"You live by the sword, you die by the sword," Mr Clegg said in his concession speech.
The SNP's Westminster leader Angus Robertson lost his seat in Moray amid a Conservative surge in Scotland.
The party's deputy leader was defeated by the Conservatives' Douglas Ross, who overturned his majority of 9,065.
Mr Robertson was beaten by former MSP Mr Ross by 18,478 votes to 22,637.
Thanks to a weekly platform at Prime Minister's Questions, Mr Robertson became one of the SNP's most high-profile figures following the 2015 election.
His PMQ performances earned him a reputation as a formidable opponent and potential future leadership contender.
Former SNP leader and former first minister of Scotland Alex Salmond was unseated in Gordon by the Conservatives' Colin Clark on swing of 20%.
Mr Salmond, who was Scotland's first minister between 2007 and 2014, had won a majority of 8,687 at the last election.
Despite his defeat he insisted that people had "not seen the last of my bonnets and me".
He added: "The SNP have lost many fine parliamentarians this evening and that's a grievous blow to the SNP."
The SNP finished on 35 seats - a majority of the 59 Scottish constituencies but a drop of 21 from the 56 they won in 2015.
The Conservatives won 13 seats in Scotland - the party's best performance in the country since 1983.
Tory housing minister Gavin Barwell was among a series of Conservative ministers who lost out in this election.
He lost his Croydon Central seat - which he won in 2015 with a majority of just 165 votes - to Labour's Sarah Jones.
Ms Jones won 29,873 votes to Mr Barwell's 24,221.
Tory MP Sir Julian Brazier, who had represented the Kent area for the last 30 years, lost his Canterbury seat to Labour's Rosie Duffield.
It is the first time Canterbury has elected a Labour MP since the constituency was formed in 1918.
Sir Julian, a Brexiteer and former defence minister, was awarded a knighthood in the New Year honours.
Ms Duffield won 25,572 votes, pushing Sir Julian into second place with 25,385 votes, a difference of 187 votes.