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Dec. 4, 2017, 7:03 p.m.
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A team of academics at Trinity College Dublin has also found that the incidence of chronic constipation more than doubled in the over-40 age group over the past six years.
The findings are among the latest to be harvested by a unique research project, The Intellectual Disability Supplement to The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (IDS-TILDA). 
It tracks the quality of life of a sample of more than 700 people - or about 9% of the target population. Almost half are in their 50s.
Over a quarter (28%) of the total sample said they had no teeth and over two-thirds (68%) of that group had not been provided with dentures. This compares to a one-in-twenty (5.3%) absence of dentures the equivalent group in the general population.
Almost half of the participants rated their health as excellent or very good and over three-quarters were either satisfied or extremely satisfied with life.
However, the research finds that chronic constipation more than doubled from 17% six years ago to 43% this year, placing people with an intellectual disability at an increasing risk of experiencing "pain, delirium, high levels of laxative use, and even death".
The lead author of the report, Professor Mary McCarron said that people with an intellectual disability deserve the same attention as the rest of the population when it comes to the planning, delivery and evaluation of services.
Addressing the report's launch in Dublin she said it was heartening to see the increased uptake of screenings for dementia, prostate cancer, cholesterol, and breast cancer.
"However, significant differences in the prevalence of such chronic health conditions between the general population and people with an intellectual disability highlights the need for targeted health intervention programmes for oral health, bowel health, brain health, medication management and preventative care," she said.

The research report says it is of significant concern that, despite the continuing very high rate of dementia  among people with Down Syndrome (DS), almost half (47%) those with DS surveyed who had no diagnosis of the condition had never had a dementia assessment.
It underlines that the mean age of onset of dementia for people with Down Syndrome within the survey sample is 52 years.
The report recalls that 10% of the 700-plus participants reported symptoms of depression, a significantly higher prevalence than in the general population.
There was no significant difference in its prevalence between those living in institutions (11.1%) and in community group homes (11.3%).
It highlights serious social isolation that, it says, runs contrary to the ideas underpinning the government's six year-old decongregration policy.
Key issues include more than a halving of the rate at which individuals are moving from institutions to community-based settings - from 26.7% three years ago to 11.4% this year.
It also says there has been an increase in the numbers of over-40s living further away from family.
In general, sample members continue to rely on siblings and their families and parents remain their most frequent points of contact.
But the report warns that the numbers with living parents will inevitably continue to fall.
Professor McCarron said that all concerned were working hard to increase moves to community-based settings and to improve social connectedness, but that the most recent findings highlighted that movement is more likely to be to settings with additional supports, largely due to changing health needs.
"This raises two questions: what additional community supports are needed so that people with an intellectual disability may age in (their own communities) and how can we better manage chronic conditions, especially in community settings?"
She said the project's findings were critical for the proper planning of services as society seeks to realise the fullest lives possible for people with an intellectual disability and to support people living within their own communities for longer.
"Unless we address some of the challenges outlined in this report, people living with an intellectual disability will continue to age in poor health," Professor McCarron warned.
Minister of State for Disability Issues, Finian McGrath, who also attended the launch welcomed the project's involvement of people with an intellectual disability in informing research questions and delivering training.
He said he was a strong advocate of people with intellectual disabilities being afforded the opportunity to manage their own lives where possible and that he witnessed this happening on a daily basis with great pleasure.
"This is something that I want us to celebrate proudly as we recognise the International Day of Disabled Persons."

http://www.rte.ie/news/ireland/2017/1204/924906-older-people-intellectual-disabilities-study/