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Some Marie Stopes International staff had "limited training" in resuscitation and clinicians were found to be "bulk-signing" forms authorising abortions, the Care Quality Commission (CQC) said.
In one case, doctors did not ensure a woman with learning difficulties fully understood the procedure, it found.
MSI said it had made "considerable changes" since the inspections.
The CQC visited 12 of the group's sites in England between April and August.
Its report found that 2,634 incidents had been recorded at MSI locations between 2015 and 2016 - a rise of 704 from the previous year - but the organisation had provided "limited" explanation as to why this had happened.
The charity performs 70,000 abortions a year, about a third of all procedures performed across England.
Some staff obtaining consent from patients appeared to have insufficient knowledge of procedures, the CQC said.
Professor Edward Baker, deputy chief inspector of hospitals at the CQC, said: "Our concerns at a corporate level - particularly around governance arrangements, staff training, and around patient safety and safeguarding protocols - did not give us the necessary assurance that patients would be protected from avoidable harm at all times, that possible safeguarding concerns could be identified and that incidents could be reported and learned from.
MSI voluntarily suspended the termination of pregnancies for under-18s and vulnerable women for seven weeks earlier this year following the unannounced inspections.
It also halted terminations under general anaesthetic or conscious sedation and suspended all surgical terminations at the provider's Norwich centre.
The CQC said the organisation had made progress since the inspections and allowed it to resume services in October.
Professor Baker said the CQC would continue to monitor the group, adding: "We will not hesitate to take further action, if necessary in order to guarantee this provider meets the standard of care we expect and that its patients deserve."
Suzanne Ash, interim managing director at Marie Stopes UK, said MSI had learned from the inspections.
She said: "We have worked hard with the Care Quality Commission to regain compliance and we're grateful to them for their assistance.
"Since the inspections, we've made considerable changes to our management, governance and assurance processes, including extensive training of staff, and updating of policies".